The Persians of Arabia were in the light from about 459 to 333 B.C. Arabia has many syphoons and very bad ones; it got into their hair even with their mouths shut. Persia was divided into 20 providences. The Persians were notorious for their excleptic nature. They were of a more calm, almost sensual nature. Persian governors would keep pease with the native people and collect taxes.
( This pastoral image of Persian governors dining on vegetables with their people before dunning them for taxes is an especially touching one.)
The Medo-Persians constructed the Suez Canal and created a good postal system. They also created the compass and gave us the I.R.S. Since they were Republicans, they created the federation, a unification of states under one in the eclecticism era, because they were mainly eclectic in their ways of being by themselves and all.
Around 250 A.D. the Persian Sassidans crossed into the Roman Empire by the Danube. Persia was to figure prominently in all of ancient history, eventually developing the Persian rug. They sponged up the culture and talents of a captive people into their own culture. They brought dance, were great partiers, and had lots of eating.
The Persians were also one of the first civilizations that began worshipping the myth gods. Their god Ahura Masdan was the god of good and Ahramada was the god of bad or evil. They also gave us the Ahura and the Zodiac, which is the zoo of the sky, where lions, goats and other animals go after they're dead.
( This idea of celestial immortality for pets pleased Persian children and should bring comfort to today's boys and girls who, reciting "Twinkle, twinkle, little star," need no longer "wonder what you are!")
The Assyrians were a group to be afraid of; they were not like people, but came from a war-torn country. They were a warring tribe, extremely violent and forceful, who bothered everyone in the surrounding cities. They terrorized their opponents in war and often fought dirty.
( The Assyrians did bathe occasionally, however, but not as often as the Romans.)
Their military machine inspired terror in the hearts of their subjects. They were brutal in seiging cities with gorilla warfare and slicing up people. They were cruel to their captors. Sacrificial babies and other dimented rituals dominated their lives. They were allowed to beat their wives under Solon's law.
The Assyrians developed the use of iron and the calvary to be used in war. This calvary was a deadly force. The Assyrians were the first ones to start a long-term army and the first to start and have a calvary. They literally steam rolled into Babylonia, Palestine, Persia, and Egypt.
Assyrian art was often gruesome, but it did show that they had some soft spot to them. They established a library at Nazareth. Their art forms and winged creatures led to Christianity's angles. Their postal system was excellent—somewhat better than ours today.
The Chaldeans had all the seven wonders of the world. King Nebuchadnezzar of the Chaldeans built the hanging gardens for his wife who missed the mountains. That structure was hailed as one of the seven wonders of the world. At a height of 75 feet and a width of 400 square feet, it appeared to hang in midair from a distance.
The Hittites gave us a representative government. The Phoenicians used the cunei form of writing. The gods of the Indians were chiefly Mahommad and Buddha. In their spare time they did lots of carving.
( Here is another charming case of Sumerian cuneiform wandering northwards to Phoenicia. Explaining this cultural transference will doubtless provide fodder for future dissertations.)
( Normally they carved in wood or ivory, but occasionally they carved up each other until the Crusaders arrived.)